【History of Tea】
Qing Dynasty tea Taiwan, in 1800 (Jiaqing 5 years ago), only water and sand production of wild tea, produced in the mountains, difficult to harvest. Ke Chao from Fujian to introduce Wuyi tea species, planted in the pit, to 1850 Taiwan has pit, Pinglin two tea.
In 1866, British Dodd (John Dodd) the introduction of Fujian Anxi tea farmers, tea seedlings, to give loans, in the Three Gorges region after the award of tea, tea growing wide, Taipei to Changhua hilly terraces, and gradually developed into Taiwan important Of tea origin.
In 1869, Dodd first Taiwan tea shipped to New York, the United States as a major market for tea. As the Taiwan tea market expansion, exports increased year by year. At that time in Taipei, DaTangCheng business tea export of foreign, including baoshun, DeJi, YiJi, land and water, Hutchison and other five foreign firms, as well as local businessmen operating the size of tea line 150.
Tea was the most direct link in the production activities of Taiwan and western economy, but the level of farmers' education was low, and the farming technology did not improve.
After the Japanese occupation of the Japanese rule in 1910 in the town of tea planting test field, engaged in tea breeding, cultivation and manufacturing and other tests. And in 1936, set up a "fish pond black tea test", specializing in the introduction of India Assam species of cultivation experiments and nursery promotion work.
Taiwan's tea species, more imported from Fujian, after the Japanese comparison of the trial, the election of good quality green tea Oolong, Green heart big, Oolong and hard-core red heart and other incentives to promote. Early Taiwan tea exports, mainly oolong, after 1920, oolong tea export date, including tea export surge. After 1934, black tea sprung up, more than the first two exports in the first place. Tea in the proportion of the total value of export trade, in 1913 before the monopoly of more than 50%, and then because of sugar, rice, banana, pineapple canned and other agricultural exports increased, the proportion of which decreased after sugar, rice, Bit, output to the United States, Britain, Japan, the mainland, Hong Kong and other places.
After the early post-war recovery tea production due to the destruction of the war and no longer grand occasion. After continuous improvement, to 1973, more than the previous output. Originally export-oriented tea industry, because the mainland, Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka tea industry competition, Taiwan tea export volume decreased.
However, due to the increase in the population of tea drinking in Taiwan and the increasing demand for quality, Taiwan's tea industry has created a new domestic market. In the promotion of varieties and cultivation methods, the progress of tea production technology, the production of tea in Taiwan has its own well-known products. The beverage industry, a large number of tea as raw materials and selling point of the new trend, more tea market to open up another unlimited business opportunities.
Source: Wu Tianquan, Taiwan's agricultural history, independent evening paper.